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Defects in Buildings

Building defects affect society at large due to possible danger posed; they also result in direct and indirect cost in repairs, abnormally high maintenance, disputes and possible loss of building use.

Defects are generally caused by inadequacies in design, poor workmanship, building usage not in accordance with design and lack of or incorrect maintenance. Dampness and Cracks are common manifestations of defects. Dampness can however often lead to Cracks, making it difficult to determine root cause and appropriate repair. Not all manifestations may be considered defects and not all defects are serious to the extent that it will affect building stability and occupant safety. Materials are often blamed for defects when the cause lies in the choice of unsuitable materials and/or when their limitations are recognised and taken into account in design and design detailing.

A new Dutch standard NEN 2767, believed to be a world-first in Building Condition Assessment attempts to provide insight and uniformity in defect assessment and classification, translating the diagnosis in condition scores. The standard is expected to contribute towards improving communications for all involved including litigations relating to defects.

The course will provide knowledge and insights in:

  • Causes of Building Defects and Links in the Project Life Cycle
  • Defects Assessment Standardisation and Defects Classification: NEN 2767
  • Common Defects in Building Components and Diagnostics & Repair Methods
  • Legal Aspects of Building Defects

1. Overview of Defects in Building

  • Common Causes of Defects
  • Common Manifestation of Defects
  • Design-Construction-Maintenance-Defects Link

2. Defects Assessment and Classification: NEN 2767

  • Defect Parameters: Type, Intensity & Extent of Defect
  • Defect Classification: Minor, Serious & Critical Defects
  • Defects-Condition Score

3. Common Building Defects, Diagnosis and Repair Methods

  • Common Defects in
    • Structural Concrete Work
    • Roofs
    • Brickwork and Plaster
    • Ceramic and Natural Stone Tiles
    • Paint and Coatings
  • Diagnosis and Defect Classification: Minor, Serious & Critical Defects
  • Repair Methods

4. Legal Aspects of Building Defects

  • Definition of Defects
  • Developers: Claims Against Developers & Remedies Available
  • Architects: Powers of Architect & Maintenance Certificate
  • Claims Against Contractors & Consultants
  • Damages for Defects
Dr Quah Lee Kiang PhD, MSc (Maintenance Management), BSc Building, FRICS

Dr Quah is the Director of the Real Estate & Construction Centre and the Real Estate & Construction Academy in Singapore. She has extensive regional and international experience in Project and Facilities Management & Maintenance research, advice and academia.Dr Quah led the EU funded project BE4213 Condition Assessment and Maintenance Strategies for Buildings and Building Components, which among other things, sought to develop an objective building condition assessment system. This project formed part of ongoing research over the last 20 years which culminated in Dutch Standard NEN 2767 on Condition Assessment of Buildings, believed to be a ‘world first’.Dr Quah’s professional and research affiliations include being Coordinator of the International Council for Research and Innovation in Building and Construction (CIB) Working Commission 70 on Facilities Management and Maintenance for a decade and past President of the Chartered Institute of Building Singapore Centre. She was also a member of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) Asia Board, Singapore Board and Asia Pacific Sustainability Board. Dr Quah was conferred an Honorary Fellow by Oxford Brookes University for her work in real estate and construction education and the unusual impact her career has had on this particular academic field in Asia.
Er. Yong Shan Chi MBA, B.Eng (Civil)

Er. Yong, a Professional Engineer (Civil) has extensive design and construction management experience. He started work with the HDB, moving on to the private sector where he was involved in foundation engineering and precast concrete work. He has been involved in D&B projects in Singapore and China providing project management and engineering design support. Mr Yong has developed learning material for CITI and lectures for them.
Option 1 (Face-to-Face)Venue: Unit #04-08, Devan Nair Institute for Employment & Employability
80 Jurong East St 21, Singapore 609607

Option 2 (Live Streaming via RECC Elearning Portal)Username and password will be assigned on receipt of registration and course fees

$615 nett per person. Course fees includes full colour course documentation and refreshments at tea breaks.

Important Note:

In addition, NTUC members may claim up to $250 under the Union Training Assistance Programme (UTAP).

The course has been approved for 7 PDU units under the PE Board Continuing Professional Development programme. Attendance certificates will be issued; they may also be suitable for meeting the CPD requirements of other relevant professional bodies not operating a CPD course accreditation system.

The course will benefit those who have a vested interest in buildings including:

  • Developers
  • Building Owners
  • Government Officials
  • Architects
  • Engineers
  • Project Managers
  • Quantity Surveyors
  • Contractors/Sub-Contractors/Suppliers
  • Property Managers
  • Facilities Managers
  • Maintenance Managers
  • Management Corporations
  • Town Councils
  • and Others

Cancellations made one week before the scheduled commencement date of the course will be subjected to an administrative fee of $100.00. The full fee of $615.00 will be payable thereafter for any cancellation; substitutions can be made at any time.

Mr Ken Chew
Tel: 6563 4166
Fax: 6563 4156 

It may be necessary for reasons beyond RECC’s control, to change the content and timing of the programme and the identity of the course leader/s.

1 Day Training Course

34th Run

Defects in Buildings

Defects Diagnosis and Repair, Liability for Defects
Qualified for 7 PDUs by PE Board

$615.00 / person

Course Date & Venue:
29 May 2024, 9:00am to 6:00pm

Course Objectives:
Causes of Building Defects and Links in the Project Life Cycle Defects Assessment Standardisation and Defects Classification: NEN 2767

Course Fees:
$615 nett per person.
NTUC members may claim up to $250 under UTAP to offset the course fees.

Number of Participants: