Celebrating over 20 years of Built Environment Education, Research & Advice

Devan Nair Institute for Employment & Employability

80 Jurong East Street 21
#04-08, Singapore 609607
Tel: (65) 6563 4166
Fax: (65) 6563 4156
Email: enquiry@recc.com.sg

Executive Training Courses


Inspecting, Prioritising, Planning & Budgeting

» Qualified for 7 PDUs by PE Board


In an efficient and cost effective maintenance system, repairs and replacement work is executed only when necessary and budgets allocated accordingly.

Response and cyclical-based maintenance systems are traditionally used in the industry. Maintenance work in a response-based system is determined by complaints received; this leads to high expenditure, sub-optimal decision-making with little possibility for adequate evaluation of work and costs. Work in a cyclical-based system is determined from stipulated replacement cycles of building components; component life is however determined by factors such as design, construction, use and maintenance quality. It is hence inaccurate to use cycle times to determine maintenance requirements, which in most cases are unique to a building. Cyclical-based systems can thus lead to over-maintenance due to premature replacement or to unexpected failures when components fail between cycle times.

In a condition-based maintenance system (see figure below), work is based on the actual condition of the building as ascertained/predicted from inspections and planned and prioritised according to actual needs and budget available. Up to 100% cost savings has been achieved between a condition-based and response-based system in engineering installations maintenance; these successes have spurred development of condition-based building maintenance systems.


The course will provide knowledge and understanding of the:

  • Pitfalls in Traditional Response and Cyclical Maintenance Systems
  • Features of a Condition-Based Maintenance System and Process Model
  • Pre-requisites for Establishing a Condition-Based Maintenance System
  • Implementation Protocol for a Condition-Based Maintenance System.

COURSE PROGRAMME (9.00 am – 6.00 pm)

  • Building Degradation and Maintenance
    • Building Defects and Maintenance
    • Traditional Maintenance Systems
    • Weakness of Traditional Systems
  • Condition-Based Maintenance System
    • Process Model and Information Needs
    • Budgets and Repair Prioritisation
    • Outsourcing Maintenance Work
  • Condition Assessment and Inspection Norms
    • Condition Assessment and Subjectivity in Inspections
    • Condition Assessment Standardisation and Norms
    • Condition Scores
  • Maintenance Planning and Budget Allocation Norms
    • Technical Parameters
    • Non Technical Parameters
    • Prioritisation Norms
  • Establishing a Condition-Based Maintenance Management System
    • Methodological Phase
    • Organisational Phase
    • Operational and Administrative Phase
    • IT and Computerisation


Dr Quah Lee Kiang FRICS

Dr Quah is the Director of the Real Estate & Construction Centre and the Real Estate & Construction Academy in Singapore. She has extensive regional and international experience in Project and Facilities Management & Maintenance research, advice and academia.

Dr Quah led the EU funded project BE4213 Condition Assessment and Maintenance Strategies for Buildings and Building Components, which among other things, sought to develop an objective building condition assessment system. This project formed part of ongoing research over the last 20 years which culminated in Dutch Standard NEN 2767 on Condition Assessment of Buildings, believed to be a ‘world first’.

Dr Quah’s professional and research affiliations include being Coordinator of the International Council for Research and Innovation in Building and Construction (CIB) Working Commission 70 on Facilities Management and Maintenance for a decade and past President of the Chartered Institute of Building Singapore Centre.  She was also a member of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) Asia Board, Singapore Board and Asia Pacific Sustainability Board.

Dr Quah was conferred an Honorary Fellow by Oxford Brookes University for her work in real estate and construction education and the unusual impact her career has had on this particular academic field in Asia.


Thursday 25 Feb 2016
The Herencia, #04-11
46 Kim Yam Road, Singapore 239351


  Full Course Fee  Funding (Source) 
Company Sponsored $595.00 $112.50 (e2i)
Individual (NTUC Members only)  $595.00 Up to $250.00 (UTAP)


The course has been approved for 7 PDU units under the PE Board Continuing Professional Development programme. Attendance certificates will be issued; they may also be suitable for meeting the CPD requirements of other relevant professional bodies not operating a CPD course accreditation system.


The course will benefit those who have a vested interest in buildings including:

  • Developers
  • Building Owners
  • Government Officials
  • Architects
  • Engineers
  • Project Managers
  • Quantity Surveyors
  • Contractors/Sub-Contractors/Suppliers
  • Property Managers
  • Facilities Managers
  • Maintenance Managers
  • Management Corporations
  • Town Councils
  • and Others


Cancellations made one week before the scheduled commencement date of the course will be subjected to an administrative fee of $100.00. The full fee of $595.00 will be payable thereafter for any cancellation; substitutions can be made at any time.


Mr Ken Chew
Tel: 6563 4166
Fax: 6563 4156 
E-mail: exectrg@recc.com.sg


It may be necessary for reasons beyond RECC’s control, to change the content and timing of the programme and the identity of the course leader/s.



Some photographs on this website are reproduced with the kind permission of Ipostudio Architects, Italy.
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